- August 31, 2015
Native fruit-producing trees and shrubs are essential components of diverse habitats. With a little space, these regionally-appropriate plants make excellent additions to most sites. Even better, wildlife visitors–from the smallest pollinators to mammals–will use these trees for food and shelter.
Above: Pacific Madrone (Arbutus menziesii)
Description: This 50-100 ft. giant of the arid West reveals a showy brown bark that peels revealing reddish smooth trunk and branches. They are a showy evergreen with shiny foliage.
Bloom: Small white flowers bloom in March and April, which quickly develop into small orange fruits in the summer.
Wildlife: Deer, Mendocino saturnia moth, Red-breasted Sapsuckers, woodpeckers,, Mountain Chickadees, House Wrens, and Western Bluebirds.
Above: Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttalli):
Description: This is a small tree, 20-39 feet in height, known for its large, white, showy flowers.
Bloom: Flowers late spring to early summer. Fruit matures in September and October.
Wildlife: Squirrels, deer, Band-tailed Pigeon, American Robin, flickers, tanagers, Gray Catbird, bluebirds, Northern Mockingbirds and sparrows.
Above: Ponderosa Pine, Western Yellow Pine (Pinus ponderosa)
Description: These large evergreens reach upwards of 100 feet and can live at higher elevations. These trees are wind and drought tolerant and prefer sunny, well-drained growing conditions.
Bloom: Like all pines, ponderosa produce cones. Pollen is released in the spring to fertilize female cones. Cones are produced in the late summer and available through winter.
Wildlife: Chiricahua White, Pandora pine Moth, Pine White butterfly, squirrels, chipmunks, Red Crossbill, Clark’s Nutcracker and White-headed Woodpeckers, Pine Warblers, Brown Thrashers, chickadees, grosbeaks, nuthatches, jays, junkos, siskin, meadowlarks, and woodpeckers.
Add it to your map
Placing and IDing your trees and shrubs.
First, add your trees and shrubs as objects to your map by selecting the Toolshed and Second.
Then, make sure to complete the characteristics by clicking on the green Info window. First identify your plant under Basic Information. If you enter the common or scientific name in the second bar, this will connect to the USDA plant database. Select the name that correlates to your plant.
Then, complete the characteristics by telling us about the features of this specific tree or shrub.